In countries where women today still have only little access to education the the best gift of all book fertility rates are still high.
Flemish couples in the city of Leuven were more likely to have small families if a migrant from Wallonia lived nearby (Van Bavel, 2004).
The point here is that economic and social development is truly important and ultimately what influences womens decision about how many children they want to have.
This makes clear that one of the best strategies to achieve lower fertility rates is to work towards reducing gender inequality and supporting women's empowerment and a rise of womens power, status, and education relative to men.Each arrow in this plot shows for one country how the average number of children per woman (on the y-axis) and the years of education of women in the reproductive age (on the x-axis) have changed.You always have the choice to experience our sites without personalized advertising based on your web browsing activity by visiting langham pasadena promo code the.Belgium, divided into Flemish- and French-speaking regions, shows most clearly the importance of linguistic borders.We review the reasons for the increasing labor force participation of women in this post.In a study in Indonesia Cameron and Cobb-Clark (2001) 32 find only very limited importance of the transfers of children to their parents and emphasize that instead the elderly are mostly relying on their own labor income even at an old age.Geographical coverage: More than 90 countries here is the list of countries.After controlling for socio-economic variables the authors find that the exposure to coverage by Globo is associated with a decrease in the probability of giving birth.5 percentage points, which is 5 percent of the mean.
But was the policy necessary to drive down fertility?15 There is also more recent empirical evidence from developing countries that increasing labor force participation of women contributed to the decline of the fertility rate.This can lead to virtuous cycles since lower fertility rates give women the freedom to do things other than childbearing and this in turn leads to a decline of fertility rates.The global average was still close to 4 children per woman.Evidence for this two-way reinforcing relationship can be found in the historical transition to lower fertility in Prussia which was studied by Becker, Cinnirella and Woessmann (2010).
Particularly important are 1) the empowerment of women in society and in relationships through education, labor force participation, and strengthened women's rights and 2) the increased well-being and status of children.
But good things come together richer countries are also healthier and better educated and so this correlation between high incomes and low fertility alone is surely not evidence that it is increasing income that is responsible for the decrease in fertility.
It is possible to adjust the time slider below the chart and if you put start and end point to the same year you'll see a straightforward correlation.